The Fetishism to Credit Money with an Intrinsic Power to Change ('Invert') Society and Culture ab 5.99 € als Taschenbuch: Akademische Schriftenreihe. 1. Auflage. Aus dem Bereich: Bücher, Schule & Lernen,
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This is a short report on the amazing health and anti-aging benefits available right now to seniors who wish to postpone old age and death for as long as possible. This work is all-original and all-unique. What causes us to age? At first, that sounds like a stupid question. Aging is such an intrinsic aspect to the human condition we tend to take for granted that it...just...happens. But we live in a world of cause and effect. Aging is an effect, so what is the cause? The common way of thinking about this is from the perspective that our bodies are physical, and everything else that's physical eventually wears out or breaks down, such as our cars, our houses, and even our computers. That's known as the "wear and tear" theory of aging. But our bodies are different from such items because they're alive and, in optimum conditions of health, regenerate themselves if at all possible. Cuts heal over, broken bones knit and so on. Indeed, every day millions of our cells die in the course of performing their functions. They're simply replaced by new cells. Our bodies can even work around permanently damaged tissue, even including the brain itself. However, at a certain point, our bodies become less able to repair and regenerate. About age 40 we stop totally repairing and processing all the protein from our dead and damaged cells. Like a declining city running out of tax revenue, services such as street repair and garbage collection get further and further behind. The fear of death and the desire to live (youthfully) forever have obsessed humanity since the dawn of our species. In one way or another, we have searched for the Fountain of Youth, to become immortal - eternally young. In the last 100 to 150 years or so, the average life span of people - especially in the developed world - has increased dramatically. Credit for that goes principly to improved sanitation, antibiotics, improved care of infants and s 1. Language: English. Narrator: James Killavey. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/014653/bk_acx0_014653_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
The Fetishism to Credit Money with an Intrinsic Power to Change ('Invert') Society and Culture ab 1.99 EURO 1. Auflage
The Fetishism to Credit Money with an Intrinsic Power to Change ('Invert') Society and Culture ab 5.99 EURO Akademische Schriftenreihe. 1. Auflage
The term "Co-operation" as generally understood today is a term which like philosophy and religion defies exact definition and description. Almost every writer has tried to define the term is his own way. No two definitions are identical, and no single definition has so far succeeded in including within a single formula all the ingredients of Co-operation ideology. An important reason as to why the definitions differ so widely is that Co-Operative movement developed in different countries in different forms under different milleu. Co-operation is not in any way new to India. It has a fairly long history in India. The Co-operation form of social and economic activities has been in existence since time immemorial. The history of co-operative movement in India classified into two phases: 1) Pre-independence era, 2) Post-independence era.In the Pre-Independence era, the passage of the co-operative credit societies Act 1904 was the first milestone in the co-operative movement in India. The act of 1919 rendered a great stimulus to the movement. No doubt, numerically, the co-operative movement during its evolution made some progress but qualitatively it suffered from certain intrinsic
Credit crises, recessions and increasing wealth inequality: can Islamic finance offer an alternative to modern economic problems? What is Islamic finance? The purpose of this study is to analyze the perception and awareness of non-Muslims towards Islamic finance in the United Kingdom and the selection criteria used by the consumers in choosing a financial institution. The research determines the extent to which non-Muslims are aware of Islamic finance in the UK and their perceptions towards it. The author has explained the behavioural aspects of consumers towards the financial services industry which helps in forming perceptions or beliefs. The author later on discusses intrinsic as well as extrinsic factors that affect non-Muslims perceptions towards Islamic finance in the UK. The research also highlights the issue of selection criteria for choosing a financial institution.
The standardization of Islamic financial products is currently evolving, both for Islamic derivatives & hedging methods and for Islamic bonds (Sukuk) and the process of standardization is expected to start soon also for other Islamic instruments. Islamic capital markets, and Islamic finance in general, is experiencing global rapid growth and is currently receiving more consideration also by non-Islamic investors. Islamic Finance is based on the prohibition of interest ('Riba'), excessive uncertaintly ('Gharar') and gambling ('Maysir' or 'Qimar'). From these foundations, conventional financial products, such as interest-bearing instruments, options, forwards, futures, and insurances, as well as conventional practices like short-selling and leveraging, are not compliant with Islamic law ('Shariah'). Nevertheless, the Islamic finance industry has undertaken considerable efforts to create products and solutions of the same value, in many instances by replicating conventional structures in a Shariah-compliant manner. This has led to discussions between scholars and practitioners, as some scholars regard specific replication techniques merely as ploys and ruses. While no definite answer can be given yet concerning the question of Shariah-compliance for every single instrument, some trends are emerging in this dynamic market. Islamic derivative products are essential for asset management and risk management in any Islamic context, and provide answers to many of the investors' needs. This book covers all Islamic derivatives and structured products including state of the art Islamic short-selling methods used by hedge funds and gives a comprehensive overview of current Islamic capital markets. It takes a practical approach addressing practical issues in risk management and investing for both Islamic and non-Islamic readers. .Contents A. Introduction B. Islamic capital market instruments 1. Hedging and Islamic derivatives (explaining many de facto practices used by Islamic financial institutions, and potential future applications not yet broadly applied; standardization and financial engineering) 2. Sukuk (Islamic bonds, current trends and issues in the market, standardization etc.) 3. Islamic funds (incl. specific hedge-fund practices, Islamic REITs, Islamic Private Equity funds, brief overview on market indices) 4. Islamic structured products (all currently existing types of Shariah-compliant structuring principles, example products, etc.) C. Islamic risk management 1. Risk management issues in Islamic contracts (overview, main types of risk, differences to risk management in conventional finance, etc.) 2. Basel II for Islamic financial instruments (brief overview on IFSB rules, etc.) 3. Risk management of basic financing modes (analysing all basic Islamic financing modes, e.g. Murabaha, PLS modes, with regards to their intrinsic risk and their management, as well as their Basel II risk weights etc.) 4. Risk management of Islamic funds (market risk, credit risk, ...) 5. Risk management of Sukuk (market risk, credit risk, operational risks, ...) 6. Risk management of Islamic structured products D. Outlook E. Annex 1. Bibliography 2. Index
The crisis began in a small country, Greece, but it led to revelations of international financial vulnerabilities that are overturning the world's monetary system. For years the Greek government spent beyond its means and borrowed to make up the difference. Just like the U.S. government. The U.S. has not yet suffered the dire economic consequences of Greece because of the dollar's status as the world's reserve currency. That means it is the only country in the world that can pay its debts by simply printing more of its own money. Those days will end. American and European banks have gotten into trouble because of unsound underwriting practices that would not have been possible under a gold standard. And governments are on the verge of bankruptcy because there is no restraint-which a gold standard would provide-on their spending and manipulation of credit. American politicians have debauched the currency for agendas contrary to our Constitution and to buy voter support for their elections. And the Federal Reserve has provided a means of financing uneconomic political agendas and pushing the costs onto future generations. But debt and credit cannot expand forever-as America's housing/mortgage bubble demonstrated. When the credit bubble bursts, hard times must follow. Gold is the ultimate money because of its intrinsic characteristics and because no government has an unlimited supply of it to support unlimited government spending. In the absence of a sound money, alternative currencies may serve for awhile, but they will not be a permanent substitute for gold. If the U.S. doesn't return to a gold standard, some other country will. Then not only the dollar but America will lose its primacy in the world. It will lose that primacy as much for the neglect of its original constitutional principles as for the fate of the dollar. In fact, it was the neglect of those principles that led to the frightening expansion of government and the demise of the dollar.